What are Motherboard and main components explained

Motherboard is the primary circuit board that connects with all PC hardware, distributes electricity and provides peripheral connections with the CPU. Peripherals are storage, memory (RAM), and graphics card. Motherboard is the most important component in a PC.

Major Components of Motherboard

Processor Socket

This places the CPU – the central processing unit. All consumer level boards have one CPU socket. These sockets are designed for a specific series of Intel or AMD CPU. These sockets are based on generation of CPU and the number of pins in the CPU array.

Land Grid Array or LGA is the pins on the socket. This connects with conductor on CPU. Example, LGA 1200, LGA 1151, LGA 1155, LGA 1150, etc. More about CPUs here.

Chipset

Chipset is the backbone of the motherboard. It earlier used to be South-bridge in the motherboard. Chipset relays communication of storage devices, peripherals, PCI lanes with CPU. Modern chipset includes new features such as Audio, Wifi, Bluetooth, etc. Higher end chipsets can feature more PCIe slots, and USB ports along with latest hardware. More about PCI here. Also, about USB here. Chipset supports the external SSD. More about SSDs here.

All motherboards available in the market are named after chipsets. Latest chipset includes Z490, H410, B460 and H470. All these are new in 2020. Earlier generation chipset includes Z390, B360, B365, H310 etc. Chipset may or may not work with the previous generation CPU due to changes in the socket pins.

Form Factor

Motherboard comes with standard sizes. These are defined by the Form Factor. All motherboard manufacturers develop all their boards based on these standard sizes only. Listed below are the form factors available:-

BIOS

BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output System. This loads before operating system boots up. So, it loads before start up of the CPU. It is responsible for starting up and testing all hardware connections.

Majorly all BIOS are Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI). It is speedier, supporting modern GUI, and can do larger storage partitions faster. It also helps in overclocking of CPU.

Display Connectors

These are the ports for video output connectors. Use of display connectors are based on the CPU and Graphics Card used. More about graphics card here. More about CPU here. Following are the display ports available on the current system :-

Expansion Slots

These are the PCI Express lanes that connects the peripherals with motherboard on a very high speed connections. More about PCI and PCI express here. Also, PCI slots supports SSDs. More about SSDs here.

Let’s explore the Gigabyte Motherboard here.

25 thoughts on “What are Motherboard and main components explained

  1. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme
    in our community. Your web site offered us with valuable info to work
    on. You’ve done a formidable job and our entire community will be grateful
    to you. 0mniartist asmr

  2. Heya! I understand this is kind of off-topic but I needed to ask.
    Does running a well-established blog like yours require a
    massive amount work? I’m brand new to running a blog however I do write in my diary every day.

    I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my
    personal experience and feelings online. Please let me know if you have any kind of ideas or tips for new aspiring blog
    owners. Thankyou! asmr 0mniartist

  3. I must thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this website.
    I’m hoping to see the same high-grade content from you in the future as
    well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own blog now 😉

  4. What you typed made a bunch of sense. But, consider this,
    suppose you added a little content? I am not saying your content is not good,
    however what if you added a headline that grabbed a person’s attention? I mean Motherboard FAQs – nomoreviews is a little plain. You could look at Yahoo’s front page and
    watch how they create post titles to get viewers to
    click. You might add a related video or a related pic or two to get readers excited about what you’ve got to say.
    Just my opinion, it could bring your website a
    little livelier.

  5. That is really fascinating, You are an overly skilled blogger.
    I have joined your rss feed and look ahead to in search of extra of
    your great post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my
    social networks

  6. magnificent publish, very informative. I wonder why the opposite experts of
    this sector do not notice this. You should proceed your writing.
    I’m sure, you have a huge readers’ base already!

  7. scoliosis
    You ought to take part in a contest for one of the finest sites on the internet.
    I most certainly will highly recommend this web site!
    scoliosis

  8. scoliosis
    This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I have joined your rss feed and look
    forward to seeking more of your excellent post. Also,
    I’ve shared your site in my social networks!
    scoliosis

  9. scoliosis
    Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared
    to be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people
    consider worries that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the
    top and defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal.
    Will probably be back to get more. Thanks scoliosis

  10. dating sites
    I am extremely impressed along with your writing skills and also with the structure for your weblog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you modify it
    yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent high quality writing, it is uncommon to look a nice blog like
    this one today.. free dating sites

  11. Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to give it a look.

    I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Exceptional blog and excellent style and design.

  12. It’s in fact very complicated in this full of activity life to listen news on TV,
    therefore I just use world wide web for that purpose, and
    obtain the most up-to-date information.

  13. This design is wicked! You definitely know how to keep a reader
    entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost
    moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job.

    I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
    Too cool!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.